It was in December 1967 when 17 heads of state, including then Philippine President Ferdinand E. Marcos, signed the United Nations Declaration on Population which stressed: The Population problem must be recognized as a principal element in long-range planning, if governments are to achieve their economic goals and fulfill the aspirations of their people.
On this year, the 1969 Ad Hoc Commission on Population recommended the official launch of the National Population Program through the Executive Order No. 233. The Commission on Population (POPCOM) was mandated to serve as the central coordinating and policy making body of the government in the field of population.
The Republic Act 6365, known as the Population Act of the Philippines was enacted into law by Congress, creating the Commission on Population.
The Presidential Decree No. 79 was signed, revising RA 6365 thereby strengthening the population program directing public and private sectors to undertake a National Family Planning Program which respects the religious beliefs and values of individuals.
Presidential Decree 166 further strengthened the Program. It required the participation of private organizations and individuals in the formulation and implementation of population programs and policies.
Executive Order No. 123 attached POPCOM to the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD), as the planning and coordinating agency.
Policy statement under the Aquino Administration was issued by the POPCOM Board which states: “the ultimate goal of the Population Program is the improvement of the quality of human life in a just and humane society… The achievement of this goal requires a recognition of the close interrelationships among population, resources and environmental factors.”
Executive Order No. 408, was issued placing POPCOM under the Office of the President in order to “facilitate coordination of policies and programs relative to population.”
Executive Order No. 476 was issued making POPCOM an attached agency of the National Economic and Development Authority.
Adoption of the Philippine Population Management Program and the Population, Resources and Environment Framework by the Ramos Administration.
The Estrada Administration reformulated the Philippine Population Management Program with Responsible Parenthood as its lynchpin.
On March 24, 2003, President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo issued Executive Order No. 188 attaching POPCOM to the Department of Health.
In a Statement of Support, President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo joined “the community of nations in expressing support for the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD).”? The statement also reiterated the principles that guide the Philippine government in the implementation of population program. These principles are based on the four (4) pillars of Responsible Parenthood, Respect for Life, Birth Spacing, and Informed Choice. Health services, including Reproductive Health services, are devolved by the Local Government Code to the local government units. Local Government Units have the responsibility of providing couples and individuals with information and services to enable them to exercise Responsible Parenthood.
On October 10, 2006, President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo issued guidelines and directive for the DOH, POPCOM, and local government units to take full charge of the implementation of the Responsible Parenthood and Family Planning Program. The Responsible Parenthood and Natural Family Planning Program ‘s primary policy objective is to promote natural family planning, birth spacing (three years birth spacing) and breastfeeding which are good for the health of the mother, child, family, and community. While LGUs can promote artificial family planning because of local autonomy, the national government advocates natural family planning.
Executive Order No. 12, s 2017 (Sustaining and Attaining Zero Unmet Need for Modern Family Planning through the Strict Implementation of the Responsible Parenthood and Reproductive Health Act) – Mandates POPCOM to adopt the attainment of the zero unmet need for modern family planning as a population management strategy, particularly in assisting couples and women to achieve their desired family size and to reduce the incidence of teenage pregnancy.
Executive Order No. 71, s. 2018 (Renaming the Commission on Population as Commission on Population and Development and Reverting its Attachment to NEDA from DOH) – Mandates POPCOM to enhance coordination with NEDA to strengthen the development and implementation of population-related programs and strategies in pursuit of socioeconomic development.